Central Asia isn’t overrun with infectious diseases.
Still, there are a few things to consider before you travel there.
The standard of medical care is generally low and you can be far from help so don’t go without some kind of travel and health insurance that will get you out should the worst happen.
Your Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B shots should be up to date and tuberculosis is common.
Consider a Rabies vaccination. As a cyclist, you’re more at risk of getting bit by a dog and if you’re not vaccinated beforehand the treatment you require may be difficult to find in remote Central Asia. The process is greatly simplified if you get the jabs before you leave. Considering how you will deal with dogs and having a plan of action for aggressive mutts will greatly reduce your risk of getting bitten.
As always, consult your doctor. We are not medical professionals! Read more about our thoughts on vaccinations. Good health information for travellers can also be found on the UK-based NaTHNaC and the NHS Immunisation site as well as the FCO’s travel advice by country.