10 Questions: Cycling In China

Louis & Lysanne left their home in Canada in September 2010 for a bicycle tour around the world.

Louis & Lysanne

By July 2011, they had reached China – and they spent 3 months exploring a relatively small corner of this massive country.

In this edition of 10 Questions, Louis & Lysanne share a wealth of tips and advice for other cyclists, also planning to explore China from the saddle of a bicycle.

1. Can you describe your trip through China, and why you chose China as a destination?

We had the great pleasure to cycle from Beijing to the southermost border of China (Dongxing/Mong Cay, Vietnam) over 3 months, and a total of 4,500km. We rode through the provinces of Shanxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Guizhou and Guangxi. Why China? Because it has so much to offer. What’s your pick? Scenery? Food? History? Low cost country? Quiet, remote cycling roads? Just name it, China has it all!

Happy Kids

2. What resources did you use to plan the Chinese leg of your journey?

We knew of a couple of sights that we really wanted to see, and we had to be in certain cities for our visa extension, but besides that the planning was usually done a couple of days before. We have the usual Lonely Planet travel guides but more useful are the people you meet, who tell you to go see this or that, and take this road instead of this one. If we have a decision to make between two places, we ask on internet travel forums like the Lonely Planet forum or Crazy Guy On A Bike.

3. What was your experience getting a visa for China? Did you have to extend it? Did you declare that you would be travelling by bicycle?

We got our Chinese visa in Tehran, Iran. It went fairly smoothly, because they didn’t ask for travel tickets out of the country or a bank statement. We had to wait 5 working days to get it, which seems to be the norm. Never, ever say that you are travelling by bicycle when you are applying for a visa.

It’s rare that you get more than a 30-day visa when applying far from home, so we had to do 2 extensions in China. That went well.

If we had to apply again for a Chinese visa we would do it from our hometown, or use a travel agency to have at least a 3-month visa, or even apply for a visa in Hong Kong, where you can easily get a 3-month visa. Note: you cannot get any visa on arrival, by land or plane.

Chinese Ladies Selling Their Goods

4. Once you were there, how did you communicate with people? Was it easy or hard? Did many people speak English, or not at all?

Ooohhh that’s a good one!

Don’t expect the Chinese people to understand any English outside big cities or really touristy sights or cities. To our big surprise, Chinese people do not understand sign language either, even when the signs were commonly used in other countries we visited prior to China. Even our picture book was frequently not understood by them!

So, yes, it was hard to communicate and sometimes frustating. But all this is meant to change rapidly because the ”young generation’ (under 15 years old) have mandatory English classes. One good piece of advice, which saved us all the time, was to have certain Chinese phrases already written down on a piece of paper to show people. For example: Where’s the nearest low cost hotel/guesthouse? How much does it cost?

Louis & The Water Buffalo

5. To navigate, did you use maps or a GPS, and how did that work out?

We used both and we are glad we had those two tools.

Actually we had two paper maps, one in English and one in Chinese. We bought both in Beijing in a big book shop. This is a MUST, or else you will never be able to ask any Chinese for direction. And always ask 3 different people to make sure you’re on the right road. Since they don’t want to lose respect, they’ll send you anywhere, even if they don’t know the answer. Also, don’t rely only on policemen because they just don’t know!

As for the GPS, we have a Garmin Etrex vista HCx. Since GPS maps (even ones you pay for) contain many errors for China, do not exclusively rely on them to create a route. We used GPS maps from Open Street Map. This is a free website and they have ok to good detailed maps for big cities. Finding the small, remote secondary roads is more difficult because the information is not on the GPS map. The trick, is to create your route with the Bike Route Toaster website and upload it to your device. This gives a more precise result than Open Street Map for creating routes.

If there is no road shown on your GPS, don’t panic! this is not a problem because you will follow the trace you’ve created. Make sure you compare the Google map with your Chinese paper map. This is important because you will see more small secondary road on the Chinese paper map.

A Chinese Guesthouse

6. Where did you mostly sleep: in your tent? Hotels?

We strongly believe in wild camping but, since accommodation is cheap and of reasonable quality, we always slept in hotels or guest houses. It was the first country where we found that wild camping was mostly not possible and strongly prohibited by law as well. This was the case, even though we often cycled in the countryside. Most of the land was either cultivated, industrialized, inhabited or full of rubbish. So, hotels are the way to go.

The accommodations we chose ranged from $10-15 U.S. per night. It seems that accommodation in the north is of lower quality than in the south, and service varies from nothing to breakfast included (rare cases) and a free internet connection jack (very common but bring your own cable).

Like we said, quality varies a lot. Some places were new and super nice for the same price as a worn-out hotel in other places. Shopping around and bargaining is a must here. The prices listed on the wall were double, if not more, then what we really paid.

Louis Enjoying A Nice Meal

7. What did you spend per day? Can you give us some average costs?

We spent an average of $30 U.S. per day for two people, including accomodation, food, bottled water and, yes, beer. The average cost for breakfast (soup or dumpling) is $1 U.S. per person, lunch less than $2 U.S. and $3 U.S. for dinner. In small eateries, the rice is self-serve and you can eat all you want, at no extra charge. A small bottle of water is 15 cents, and a big bottle of beer about 70 cents.

Entrance fees to tourist sites can be expensive. For example, the Forbidden City in Beijing will cost you $12 U.S. and some attractions are even more expensive.

All in all, the total cost for our 3-month trip was $3,495 U.S. for two of us, including food, accommodation, one train ride, tours and entrance fees to tourist sites, visas, souvenirs, new clothes, bike repair and post office expenses.

Beautiful View

8. How were the roads; busy, or pleasant to cycle on?

In the north, the roads are mostly flat, with a constant flow of trucks and buses. There’s not much choice of secondary roads but main road #108 had a nice wide shoulder. If you plan to cycle in the Shanxi and Shaanxi provinces, come prepared with a facial mask and dark clothing because these are coal regions.

In the south, we managed to find nice, quiet secondary roads with almost no traffic and amazing scenery. Don’t be afraid to venture out on small roads in China. They are surprisingly in very good condition and sealed 99% of the time.

What we found annoying in cycling China was the overuse of the horn, by everyone from the tuk-tuk driver to the trucks and crazy bus drivers. Also, you always have to be aware of the person in front of you. It seems they have the right of way because they rarely look to the right before turning on to the road. Finally and most importantly, don’t rely on signs or indications of turn-offs for that small road you want to take, because there won’t be any.


9. What about food? Did you cook for yourself, or eat mostly in restaurants? What kind of food were you able to find?

Chinese food in China is far from the western Chinese we’re used to. There is so much variety and many tastes, including spicy or not, that you can find easily something to your liking. We are use to self-catering but not here, since the food is mostly good, easy to find and cheap. We didn’t find any advantage to cooking.

Another good thing about China is that there is always a kettle in your room so you can always go to the corner store and buy an instant noodle meal. Restaurants are very easy to find but the meat they offer can sometimes scare you. The Chinese eat everything on an animal, from the lips to the tail and inside out.

Also, the low-cost restaurants are (most of the time) hygenically repulsive. But the food is good and we never got any sick stomachs from eating there. Ordering a meal was always a pleasant experience. Since there’s hardly ever an English menu, we would point and order plates from the tables around us. That was cool because it was always a funny moment, and we met a lot of people this way.

10. What’s one piece of advice you’d give to other cyclists planning an independent tour of China?

Overall we had a wonderful time in China, and it is one of the highlights of our trip. We will definitely be coming back, and we have the following tips:

  • Get the longest length of visa that you can
  • Don’t forget to write down useful Chinese phrases on paper, in advance
  • Do go to Beijing and visit the Great Wall, then jump on a train all the way to Xi’an. The 1,000 kilometers between those two cities is not very interesting, from our point of view.
  • Trains are easy to take in China with your bike.
  • Travel lightly, and send things home if you need to. The postal service in China is very efficient and dirt cheap. We mailed all of our camping gear and kitchen from Beijing to Nanning.

Thanks to Louis & Lysanne for answering the questions and providing photos. Check out their On Roule La Boule (in French).

Need more information? Check out these helpful resources for cycling in China:

If you’d like to answer 10 questions about a favourite cycling destination, read the guidelines and then get in touch.


  1. Chris Leakey
    2nd November 2011 at 4:14 pm #

    Nice post, we love China too.
    Getting the waiter to write down the dishes that you liked at the end of the meal worked really well for us.
    We campped a lot in China and had no problems, did not think that it was aganst the law.
    I always found the police to be very friendly which i was surprised about based on what people had told me before hand and news reports.
    Chinese people and the government are very different.

  2. The Sloths
    2nd November 2011 at 10:33 pm #

    Enjoyed reading the post. We alos thought China was a wonderful place to cycle, such diversity of scenery, fantastic food (as much rice as you can eat, free green tea in cheap restaurants) and lovely friendly people. We also wild camped and had no problems, but we were cycling through much less populated areas than the above people so I’m sure it was easier(Yunnan, Sichuan, Xinjiang)…..I’m sure it isn’t illegal.
    For information: we got a 3 month visa for China in Vientienne (Laos) very easily.
    We’ll definitley go back to see more…..

    • friedel
      3rd November 2011 at 7:04 am #

      We heard somewhere that it IS illegal (although probably tolerated to a large degree, especially in rural areas), because the authorities ideally want to know where you sleep each night. That said, I’m having trouble finding out for sure if camping is or isn’t illegal. I suspect the more rural you are, the less the official rules on camping matter.

  3. Matthew
    2nd November 2011 at 11:25 pm #

    I rode from Shenzhen to Shanghai and found almost of the information above to be similar to my experience.

    Wild camping is very difficult in many areas. It is possible to travel long distances in rural or semi-rural areas without finding a suitable campsite. I slept in a few abandoned buildings on the edge of small towns without any difficulty.

    Do not place too much faith in younger Chinese learning English. A lack of willingness to learn, lack of suitable teachers and lack of confidence inhibit communication efforts. Many university graduates with years of schooling will not be able to converse in English.

    I am very curious about the two paper maps purchased in Beijing (one in English and the other in Chinese). I have found that reasonable quality paper maps in English are near impossible to find. The only maps I’ve found have a province or two on an A5 page. I’ve found a couple of precious English maps, but even on eBay, Taobao and other map sites I only find them in Chinese.

    Everything else was just like my trip through Guangdong, Fujian and Zhejiang. I love the pic of Louis sitting alone in the restaurant. I have a picture of myself in a restaurant which looks remarkably similar (even down to the dishes he ordered!) to that one.

    • Richard
      4th March 2013 at 12:25 am #

      Shenzhen to Shanghai! Sounds incredible.

      What route did you take? Closer to coastal or more inland? What time of year was it? Sounds like quite an adventure camping in abandoned buildings.

      Did you happen to blog about the ride?

  4. Kaitlyn
    5th November 2011 at 5:31 am #

    I have an 11th question:

    I’ve heard that biking in China can be difficult without a “planned tour and guide”, especially in the western and southern parts of the country (to prevent you from seeing areas you are not meant to see as a westerner, especially in Tibet). Is there any truth to this? How ridgedly did you need to set (and follow) an itinerary? Did you have any problems with going into regions you were not allowed?

  5. Chris Leakey
    5th November 2011 at 6:26 am #

    On our tirp we did not have a guide and changed our plans constantly. I found the police to be very nice and the majority were friendly. I was never asked to go back or told I could not go anywhere. Cycling along the Tibetan boarder in Sichuan. However these towns do exist, I met some cyclist who got turned away from towns, and read of people being fined for being in towns they should not have been.

    As far as I am aware there is no way of finding out which towns are closed and which are not. LP may be a good source or a place to start one if such a thing is not already there. There are already good threads on advice for which PSB (Public Security Bureau) to go to to get visa extensions. The problem is that things can change overnight for any reason.

    Tibet is a different situation, of which I have no experience, but I would treat it as going to a different country.

    In the last year or two things have got a lot easier in China with restrictions on many things for foreigners being lifted and towns being open.

    It’s a great place to travel, my advice would be go go go but do a little research on the area you are going to, to see how others got on.


  6. Eric Hendrickson
    7th November 2011 at 1:04 am #

    Thanks for the pointer to Bike Route Toaster, just looked it up and found it to be outstanding. Wish I had known about it earlier. Sounds like and outstanding adventure.

  7. Bill
    8th December 2011 at 11:28 pm #

    Regarding the camping in China, I have no firsthand knowledge. However, as someone who has lived there for 9 months, I can tell you that rules are always broken with typically no consequences. My guess is that camping is probably technically illegal and rarely if ever enforced.

    • bikerwannabe
      10th April 2016 at 3:53 pm #

      “…. camping is probably technically illegal and rarely if ever enforced”

      sorry, i couldnt help laughing at this

  8. moog
    26th February 2012 at 3:20 pm #

    We cycled from Kunming (Yunnan) across to haikou (Hainan) then up to Quanzhou (fujian). Best advice i can give:

    1. If you are vegetarian, you will have issues. If you can master the phrase; “wo bu chi rou” (i dont eat meat), then chinese will try hard to brainstorm something you can eat.
    2. Visas issues in various cities varied wildly. Kunming was the easiest, whilst Quanzhou was the hardest (demanding we open a chinese bank account and deposit $3000 usd)
    3. Often chinese will say hello, but then you soon realise there is no more english. I often carried my itouch and had a translator installed. The chinese were often extremely patient and let me spend 10mins trying to explain.
    4. There are medium sized highways you are not allowed to cycle on, but the roads in China often have many switch backs. So on the strong headwind days we snuck onto the medium roads in the more remote/quieter areas to go straight and faster
    5. You are not meant to camp in China as it is required that as a foreigner you register with the local police where you are located at each night of your stay in China. You could stealth camp and generally have no problems

  9. Lauren
    4th January 2015 at 8:57 pm #

    We are traveling to China, and plan to our son’s bicycle with us, so that he can begin bicycling around the world to raise money for 350.org. He is currently teaching English in Jishou in the Hunan Province. What is the best way to get his bicycle to him? thanks.

  10. Dan
    9th August 2015 at 3:26 pm #

    > Never, ever say that you are travelling by bicycle when you are applying for a visa.

    What bad experiences have you had that cause you to say this?

    • andrew.grant
      11th August 2015 at 3:26 pm #

      We heard from many travellers that it is officially not permitted to travel by bike in China, and there is a high chance your application will be denied if you say you are travelling by bicycle.

  11. yu.zimin
    18th December 2015 at 1:56 pm #

    Welcome to China. The most famous riding route is #318 National Road from Chengdu, Sichuan Province to Lhasa, Tibet. So many cyclists ride this route every year. I rode this route in July and August this year from Shenzhen, Guangdong Province. It is very marvelous trip.

    • Annie Sheen
      6th April 2016 at 2:27 am #


      Did you have a guide for the Tibetan bit of your cycle to Lhasa?


  12. Grace Johnson
    20th July 2018 at 4:11 pm #

    An update on cycling China using a smartphone:

    Smartphones are your best friend in China. With one, you can travel the country like a local. Without one, you could be lost for days since almost nobody speaks a word of English.

    Even when we tried to speak out town names, the Chinese just stared at us blankly. So whenever we needed more precise directions, we just pointed to the Chinese name of the town we wanted to go to on our smartphone.

    But China has a few ‘quirks’ that you might want to be aware of when using your smartphone to navigate.

    1. The Chinese love demolishing and re-building roads just as they do with buildings. It’s their hobby! So be leery of old travelogues. That perfect paved road might have turned into a mud track that they haven’t gotten around to re-paving yet.

    2. They often give towns the same names even though they might only be 20 km. apart. For instance, while heading to the famous rice terraces in Yuan Yuang, we passed 3 other Yuan Yuangs. Such a disappointment when you think you’re almost there yet it turns out not to be the one you’re heading for.

    We also had the phrases for ‘tomato and egg stir fry’ plus ‘egg fried rice’ on our smartphone. They are two of the most popular dishes and every restaurant can make them.

    China is a fantastic country to pedal through and we would love to go back!


  13. Accophyfmrp
    18th November 2021 at 8:48 am #

  14. Accophyjwem
    19th November 2021 at 7:20 pm #

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